When a copyrighted song is embodied on a sound carrier (such as a record, tape, CD), in an audio-visual production (such a film, television program, commercial), or in a digital file for the purpose of online music distribution or other use, that’s an exercise of the reproduction right in the song. CMRRA’s business is the granting of such permission, on behalf of the music publishers, the collection of royalties and fees in return for such reproduction and the distribution of such revenues to its publisher principals.
Reproduction rights licences are generally labelled according to various uses. For example, mechanical licences are those issued for the reproduction of musical works on physical products. Online licences are those issued for the purpose of online music distribution. Synchronization licences are those issued for audio-visual productions.
When a copyrighted song is played on the radio or television, or performed in a theatre or concert, that’s an exercise of the performance right in the song. Publishers and songwriters get their compensation for such use from SOCAN, a performing rights society which collects revenues from broadcasters and others for the public performance of musical works.